How to See Starlink Satellites Train Tonight?
Let’s talk about Starlinks and find out how to view them from your location, using the Satellite Tracker and Star Walk 2 apps.
- What is Starlink?
- Is it OK to launch so many satellites?
- How to spot Starlink in the sky?
- Starlink Launches
- Updated December 2, 2021: Starlink 4-3 Mission
- Updated November 13, 2021: Starlink 4-1 Mission
- Updated September 14, 2021: Starlink 29 (Starlink 2-1) Mission
- Updated May 27, 2021: Starlink-28 Mission
- Updated May 15, 2021: Starlink-26 Mission
- Updated May 9, 2021: Starlink-27 Mission
- Updated May 4, 2021: Starlink-25 Mission
- Updated April 29, 2021: Starlink-24 Mission
- Updated April 7, 2021: Starlink-23 Mission
- Updated March 24, 2021: Starlink-22 Mission
- Updated March 14, 2021: Starlink-21 Mission
- Updated March 11, 2021: Starlink-20 Mission
- Updated March 4, 2021: Starlink-17 Mission
- Updated February 16, 2021: Starlink-19 Mission
- Updated February 4, 2021: Starlink-18 Mission
- Updated January 20, 2021: Starlink-16 Mission
- Updated November 24, 2020: Starlink-15 Mission
- Updated October 24, 2020: Starlink-14 Mission
- Updated October 19, 2020: Starlink-13 Mission
- Updated October 6, 2020: Starlink-12 Mission
What is Starlink?
For those of you who haven’t heard about Starlink, here’s a quick recap. Starlink is a huge satellite system that aims at providing even the most remote areas of the Earth with high-speed Internet service. It has been developed and constructed by Elon Musk’s company SpaceX since 2015.
The satellites are launched into orbit by batches. As of today, 13 batches have been sent into space, and now 775 solar-powered satellites are orbiting the Earth. Eventually, SpaceX plans to build a massive 12,000-satellite constellation, with a possible later extension of the number to 42,000.
Is it OK to launch so many satellites?
There have been debates about the potential problems that Starlink satellites can create. Already, there are about 5,000 satellites in the Earth’s orbit. If SpaceX’s plan succeeds, our skies will be swarmed with man-made objects reflecting light. This can hinder the work of professional astronomers whose images of the sky will be contaminated with satellites. Another problem is that so many objects can potentially collide with each other creating space junk.
In response to the first concern, SpaceX has already tested two prototype satellites with darkened surfaces: DarkSat and VisorSat. Now, all the satellites beginning with the Starlink-8 mission have anti-reflective surfaces. As for the second problem, Elon Musk said that the satellites are designed to deorbit within five years in the case of failure.
How to spot Starlink in the sky?
Starlink satellites offer a spectacular sight – they look like a train of bright spots in the night sky. You can easily see them with the naked eye if you know where and when to look.
We recommend you use the Satellite Tracker app to hunt for Starlink:
- After you launch the app, tap the satellite icon in the upper right corner of the screen and then tap “All”.
- Locate the “SpaceX’s Starlink” section and choose the mission you’re interested in (the number after the letter ‘L’ is the number of the launch).
- Tap the “Track” button next to one or multiple satellites to add them to your tracking list. Note that satellites in this list are sorted by order of their appearance in the sky above you.
- Tap on one of the satellites you are interested in to select it and return to the main screen.
At the top of the main screen, the “Next pass” timer counts the amount of time left until the next flyby of the selected satellite over your location. Tap the down arrow to open the list of passes visible from your location that will occur in the nearest future. Use this list to plan your observation time. To see the list of all passes, tap “All Passes”.
The main screen of the app has three modes that you can switch between by tapping the round icons at the bottom:
- Globe view: allows you to see a satellite’s trajectory around the 3D model of the Earth and on the Earth’s map;
- Satellite view: shows a 3D model of the satellite in its current position above the Earth;
- Sky view: allows you to see where the satellite is in the sky by following the arrow pointer.
Star Walk 2
Another way to locate the Starlink satellite train in the sky above you is to use the Star Walk 2 app.
- Launch the app, tap the magnifier icon, and tap on the satellite icon in the bottom right corner of the screen.
- At the top of the “Main Satellites” list, you’ll find the latest launched Starlinks.
- Scroll down to the “SpaceX’s Starlink” section and choose the mission you want to track.
- Tap on the satellite you are interested in, and Star Walk 2 will give you accurate information on its position and trajectory.
Other tools to track Starlinks
Several websites will also help you to view Starlink satellites.
- On the Heavens-Above website, you can get predictions about Starlinks’ passes in the special section dedicated to these satellites. Select the mission you’re interested in, set the date, and get the information on the next satellites’ pass. Or look for Starlink satellites through the “Satellite Database” section.
- On the N2YO.com, you can type the name of a Starlink satellite in the search field, and the tool will show you its position and trajectory. Moreover, it will help you track satellites you’re interested in, get 10-day predictions, and complete information about them.
- To track satellites with the help of CelesTrak, launch orbit visualization, tap on the Menu icon in the upper-left corner of the main screen, select the “Satellite Сatalog” section, and type the name of a satellite in the search field that appears in the lower part of the screen. Choose the corresponding search result, and you’ll see the satellite’s trajectory and main info about it.
We wish you clear skies and happy observations!
Keep track of the deployment of the world's largest satellite constellation! Watch for the latest breaking updates, quickly find out how many Starlink satellites are in orbit at the moment, and learn details about recent launches.
Updated December 2, 2021: Starlink 4-3 Mission
On December 2, 2021, at 23:12 GMT (6:12 p.m. EST), SpaceX launched the 32nd batch of 48 Starlink internet satellites. The Falcon 9 rocket lifted off from the Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida, USA. This mission boosted the total number of Starlink satellites launched to 1,892 units.
Starlink satellites have a compact design and a mass of about 290 kg. To decrease the manufacturing cost, SpaceX uses cost-saving technologies: each satellite is equipped with a single solar panel that helps to simplify the manufacturing process. Also, Starlink’s propulsion system uses the significantly cheaper krypton as a fuel instead of expensive xenon.
Updated November 13, 2021: Starlink 4-1 Mission
On November 13, 2021, at 12:19 GMT (7:19 am EST), SpaceX launched the 31st batch of 53 Starlink internet satellites. The Falcon 9 rocket lifted off from the Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida, USA. This mission boosted the total number of Starlink satellites launched to 1,844 units.
The Starlink 4-1 mission marks the first launch to the fourth Starlink shell – hence the mission’s name. Shell 4 will consist of 1,584 satellites at an inclination of 53.2°; roughly 27 launches will be required to fill this shell. Unlike Shell 1 that consists of Starlink v1.0 satellites, Shell 4 will use v1.5 satellites with laser interlinks. These upgraded satellites can connect to each other entirely in orbit and don’t depend on ground stations.
Updated September 14, 2021: Starlink 29 (Starlink 2-1) Mission
On September 14, 2021, at 03:55 GMT (September 13, 2021, at 11:55 p.m. EDT), a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket was launched into orbit with the 30th batch of Starlink satellites from the Space Launch Complex 4 (SLC-4) at Vandenberg Space Force Base in California.
With the latest launch on May 26, 2021, the first Starlink shell at an inclination of 53° was completed. Future Starlink launches will deliver internet satellites to higher-inclination orbits. This mission marks the first launch of the third Starlink shell, which will consist of 720 satellites at an inclination of 70°.
The second shell of the mega-constellation will consist of 1,584 satellites at 53.2°, slightly off-angle from the 53-degree shell. This updated orbital configuration will expand the coverage area and increase the bandwidth of the Starlink satellite constellation. SpaceX will fill this shell alongside the fourth one, which will consist of 348 satellites at an inclination of 97.6°.
Updated May 27, 2021: Starlink-28 Mission
On May 26, at 2:59 p.m. EDT (18:59 GMT), SpaceX launched the 29th batch of approximately 60 internet satellites for the Starlink megaconstellation aboard a Falcon 9 rocket. This SpaceX’s mission boosted the total number of Starlink satellites launched to 1,745 units.
Earlier this month, Google and SpaceX announced a partnership to help deliver internet service through the Starlink satellites. Under the deal, Elon Musk's company will begin to locate Starlink ground stations at Google data centers to provide high-speed internet service via Google Cloud. The service is said to be available to enterprises in the second half of 2021.
Updated May 15, 2021: Starlink-26 Mission
On May 15, at 6:56 p.m. EDT (22:56 GMT), SpaceX sent the 28th batch of Starlink satellites into the Earth’s orbit. The Falcon 9 rocket lifted off from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. This mission extended the total number of Starlink satellites launched to 1,685 units.
Starlink satellites that are currently being launched into polar orbit have a laser communication system. This system allows satellites to transfer communications from one satellite to another via a light laser in the same orbital plane. Laser communications are more secure than Radio Frequency (RF) terminals which can be jammed. Note that if a Starlink mission name includes the “RF” abbreviation, it suggests that the satellites are not equipped with satellite laser communication links. For example, the Starlink-27 Mission launched on May 9 is also known as Starlink RF Mission 4-2.
Updated May 9, 2021: Starlink-27 Mission
On May 9, at 02:42 a.m. EDT (06:42 GMT), SpaceX sent the 27th batch of Starlink satellites into orbit. The Falcon 9 rocket with 60 satellites onboard lifted off from the Space Launch Complex 40 in Florida, USA. Now, there are 1,625 Starlink satellites in the Earth’s orbit.
Today’s launch marked the 10th flight of the Falcon 9 reusable booster – B1051. As the manufacture of a first-stage booster constitutes about 60% of the launch price of a single rocket, SpaceX developed reusable boosters to decrease launch costs. Most probably, after today’s record-setting flight, B1051 will be finally given a major overhaul.
Updated May 4, 2021: Starlink-25 Mission
On May 4, 2021, at 19:01 GMT, the 26th batch of approximately 60 satellites for SpaceX’s Starlink broadband network was launched into orbit from Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39A, Florida, US. Now the total number of Starlink satellites in the terrestrial orbit is 1565 units.
On April 27, 2021, the Federal Communications Commission published order and authorization approving a modification of SpaceX’s license for its Starlink constellation. Now the company is allowed to move more than 2,800 additional satellites previously approved for orbits in the range of 1,100 to 1,300 km to lower orbits from 540 to 570 km. Currently, SpaceX is using the same orbital range for its satellites in operation.
The modification was the subject of intense debate at the FCC: many satellite operators objected to it for various reasons, including a greater risk of electromagnetic interference, satellite collisions, and the creation of orbital debris. The FCC rejected those claims, concluding that “operations at the lower altitude will have beneficial effects with respect to orbital debris mitigation” and “will not present significant interference problems”.
Updated April 29, 2021: Starlink-24 Mission
On April 28, at 11:44 p.m. EDT (April 29, 03:44 GMT), the 25th batch of 60 more Starlink satellites was launched into orbit. This mission boosted the total number of launched Starlink satellites to 1,505 units.
Starlink satellites have a compact flat design, which allows to fit up to 60 satellites into Falcon 9. Despite its small size, each Starlink satellite is packed with high-tech communications and cost-saving technologies. The Starlink satellites are also equipped with an autonomous collision avoidance system. This system uses the United States Department of Defense’s debris tracking database to avoid collisions with other spacecraft and space junk autonomously.
Updated April 7, 2021: Starlink-23 Mission
On April 7, at 12:34 EDT, SpaceX sent the 24th batch of Starlink satellites into orbit. The Falcon 9 rocket with 60 satellites onboard lifted off from the Space Launch Complex 40 in Florida, USA.
Meanwhile, other players are entering the satellite internet market. In the US, the main competitor to SpaceX is Amazon, with its Project Kuiper. Amazon’s CEO Jeff Bezos claims that his satellites will work as efficiently as Elon Musk’s but will cost less, thanks to smaller and cheaper antennae. Another company that is building its own satellite constellation is UK-based OneWeb. It has already launched 146 satellites into low Earth orbit and plans to launch several thousand more in the upcoming years.
Many people continue to express concerns about such a large number of satellites in our planet’s orbit. The risk of collision remains the biggest issue. Under these circumstances, government authorities might need to start thinking about new international laws and regulations for satellite operators.
Updated March 24, 2021: Starlink-22 Mission
On March 24, 2021, at 4:28 a.m. EDT (08:28 GMT), the 23rd batch of approximately 60 satellites for the Starlink broadband network was launched. Now the total number of Starlink satellites in the Earth's orbit equals 1,385 units.
Although Starlink's service is only available in the northwest US, parts of Canada and UK, and some other regions now, the coverage map will continue to grow as more internet satellites join the constellation. Starlink aims to provide superfast global internet coverage with very low latency, which would be available even in rural and remote areas. SpaceX's internet constellation will likely need at least 10,000 satellites in orbit to provide coverage for most of the globe.
Updated March 14, 2021: Starlink-21 Mission
On March 14, at 6:01 a.m. EST (10:01 GMT), SpaceX launched the 22nd batch of 60 more Starlink internet satellites atop its Falcon 9 rocket. Starlink-21 boosted the total number of Starlink satellites launched to 1,325.
The first stage of the Starlink satellite network consists of five orbital shells. The first orbital shell will include 1,584 satellites orbiting at 550 km (340 miles) in planes inclined 53.0°. This is the shell that SpaceX is currently filling, and it is expected to be complete by June 2021. Once complete, the first shell will provide internet coverage between roughly 52° and -52° latitude, which is approximately 80% of the Earth’s surface.
Updated March 11, 2021: Starlink-20 Mission
On March 11, at 03:13 a.m. EST (08:13 GMT), SpaceX launched the 21st batch of Starlink internet satellites. The Falcon-9 rocket carrying the satellites lifted off from the Space Launch Complex 40 in Florida, USA.
SpaceX’s CEO Elon Musk stated that Starlink internet speed would double in 2021. Customers taking part in the global beta-testing of Starlink claim to have internet speeds of up to 130 megabits per second. According to Musk, the “speed will double to ~300Mb/s and latency will drop to ~20ms later this year”. Though such internet speed isn’t unprecedented, it’s still faster than many people currently have access to.
Updated March 4, 2021: Starlink-17 Mission
On March 4, at 03:24 a.m. EST (or 08:24 GMT), SpaceX launched the 20th batch of Starlink internet satellites. The launch of Starlink-17 was postponed several times due to unfavorable weather conditions, that's why it took off later than Starlink-19. Now the total number of Starlink satellites launched is 1,205.
About three months ago, SpaceX began public beta testing of Starlink, a satellite-based internet service, with more than 10,000 customers already using it. Now the company is taking steps towards expanding the public beta by opening up pre-orders to potential customers. Depending on your region, pre-order messages state that SpaceX is targeting coverage in your area in mid to late 2021 or 2022.
Updated February 16, 2021: Starlink-19 Mission
On February 15, 10:59 p.m. EST (February 16, 03:59 GMT), the 19th batch of Starlink internet satellites was launched. There are now 1,145 Starlink satellites in the Earth’s orbit.
Starlink is in limited public beta, but a wider release beta is expected to start in about three months. The internet network currently covers only higher latitudes — between 44 and 52 degrees. However, SpaceX only needs 24 launches in total for global coverage. Considering SpaceX’s current production and launch rate, Starlink will have global coverage by the middle of 2021. This forecast, though, doesn’t include the poles.
Updated February 4, 2021: Starlink-18 Mission
On February 4, at 1:19 a.m. EST (06:19 GMT), SpaceX launched the 18th batch of 60 satellites for the Starlink broadband network. Now, the total number of Starlink satellites in orbit equals 1,083.
Earlier, on January 24, the company also launched 143 spacecraft as a part of its Transporter-1 mission. According to SpaceX, missions like Transporter will provide “increased access to space for small satellite operators seeking a reliable, affordable ride to orbit”. There were 133 commercial and government spacecraft on this flight, plus 10 Starlink satellites. With this mission, SpaceX broke the world record for the most satellites launched by a single rocket.
Updated January 20, 2021: Starlink-16 Mission
On January 20, at 8:02 a.m. EST (13:02 GMT), the 17th batch of Starlink satellites was successfully launched into the Earth’s orbit. The Falcon 9 rocket carrying the satellites lifted off from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. This mission expanded the total number of Starlink satellites launched to 1,013 units.
Meanwhile, Starlink internet service is becoming available to more and more people. Apart from being already present in the northern United States and Canada, Starlink has recently been approved in the UK. People in the UK who signed up for SpaceX's public beta test called "Better Than Nothing Beta" have started receiving the Starlink kit – the router and terminal to connect to the satellites. In his email, Elon Musk said that users should expect internet speeds of 50 to 150 Mbps during the beta test.
Updated November 24, 2020: Starlink-15 Mission
On November 24, at 9:13 p.m. EST (or on November 25, 02:13 GMT) SpaceX launched the 16th batch of Starlink internet satellites. With this flight, SpaceX achieved two major milestones: it was the 100th launch of a Falcon 9 rocket since 2010 and the 7th launch of Falcon 9 booster B1049. The 7th flight of the booster set a new record for SpaceX’s rocket reuse program. After successful landing on a drone ship, B1049 will be brought back to Port Canaveral to be used again in the next flight.
Updated October 24, 2020: Starlink-14 Mission
On October 24, at 11:31 p.m. EDT (15:31 GMT) SpaceX launched the fifteenth batch of approximately 60 Starlink satellites into Earth orbit. The Falcon 9 rocket with new satellites onboard blasted off from Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. With this flight, SpaceX has already launched about 900 Starlink satellites of a global network that eventually will provide the whole world with affordable and high-speed internet. The company plans to launch at least 120 new satellites every month to accomplish that goal.
However, some scientists express doubts and concerns about this ambitious unprecedented project. According to the astronomer Jonathan McDowell, about 3% of all the launched Starlink satellites may have failed by now because they are no longer maneuvering in orbit. This failure rate is normal, but in the case of such a large constellation of satellites, it may result in the creation of space junk, which might endanger other satellites and even astronauts.
Updated October 19, 2020: Starlink-13 Mission
On October 18, at 8:25 EDT (12:15 GMT) SpaceX launched 60 more internet satellites into space. With this 14th launch, the company has placed 835 Starlink satellites into the orbit, including prototypes that won’t be used for commercial service. This launch marked SpaceX’s 70th straight successful mission.
The Starlink network is still in the early stages. Engineers continue testing and collecting the necessary data. In a filing with the Federal Communications Commission dated October 13, SpaceX said it has started beta testing of the Starlink network in multiple U.S. states and is providing internet connectivity to previously unserved students in rural areas.
Updated October 6, 2020: Starlink-12 Mission
On October 6, 2020, at 7:29 AM EDT (or 11:29 GMT), the Falcon 9 rocket launched into space with 60 more Starlink satellites on board. The satellites will join hundreds of their “peers” on the 341-mile-high (550-kilometer) orbit. Previously, the flight was canceled several times due to technical reasons.